Municipal Solid Waste


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Select from the technologies and services we offer, from equipment sales to financing, owning and operating the facility on your behalf

Biogas & RNG

Biogas & RNG: Harnessing Renewable Energy from Organic Waste

Biogas and Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) are renewable energy sources derived from the anaerobic digestion of organic waste materials. While both biogas and RNG share similarities, they differ in their production methods, composition, and applications. Here’s an overview of biogas and RNG, and their significance in the renewable energy landscape:


Production: Biogas is produced through the anaerobic digestion of organic materials such as agricultural residues, food waste, animal manure, wastewater sludge, and landfill gas. Anaerobic digestion is a biological process where microorganisms break down organic matter in the absence of oxygen, producing methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) as byproducts.

Composition: Biogas typically consists of approximately 50-70% methane, 30-50% carbon dioxide, and trace amounts of other gases such as hydrogen sulfide and nitrogen. The exact composition of biogas varies depending on the feedstock used and the digestion process.

Applications: Biogas can be used as a renewable fuel for various applications, including electricity generation, heating, cooling, and transportation. It can be combusted in engines or turbines to produce electricity and heat, or upgraded to RNG for injection into natural gas pipelines or use as a transportation fuel.

Renewable Natural Gas (RNG):

Production: RNG is a purified form of biogas that has been processed to remove impurities such as carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, and moisture, resulting in a product nearly identical to conventional natural gas. RNG is produced through upgrading technologies such as pressure swing adsorption (PSA), water scrubbing, or membrane separation.

Composition: RNG consists almost entirely of methane (>95%), with minimal levels of impurities. It meets the same quality standards as conventional natural gas and can be seamlessly integrated into existing natural gas infrastructure, including pipelines, storage facilities, and end-use applications.

Applications: RNG can be used interchangeably with conventional natural gas for a wide range of applications, including electricity generation, heating, industrial processes, and vehicle fuel. It offers the same energy density and combustion characteristics as natural gas, making it a versatile and renewable alternative to fossil fuels.


  1. Climate Mitigation: Biogas and RNG production help mitigate greenhouse gas emissions by capturing methane from organic waste streams and converting it into a renewable energy source. By displacing fossil fuels, biogas and RNG contribute to reducing overall greenhouse gas emissions and combating climate change.

  2. Waste Management: Anaerobic digestion facilities divert organic waste from landfills and incineration, reducing methane emissions and environmental pollution. Biogas and RNG production promote sustainable waste management practices by converting waste into valuable energy and organic fertilizers.

  3. Energy Security: Biogas and RNG offer a local and renewable energy source that reduces dependence on imported fossil fuels. By utilizing locally available organic resources, biogas and RNG enhance energy security and support economic development in rural and urban communities.

  4. Circular Economy: Biogas and RNG production exemplify the principles of the circular economy by closing the loop on organic waste streams and transforming them into valuable resources for energy and agriculture. They promote resource efficiency, waste valorization, and sustainability across multiple sectors.

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